The European Union is the biggest market for edible nuts in the world, representing more than 40% of the complete world imports. Import volumes are constantly increasing. Huge importing and consuming markets, for example, the Netherlands, Germany, France, and the UK offer a chance for exporters from developing countries. Characteristic, low-sugar and safe items are the principle patterns supporting the expanding utilization of eatable nuts and dried fruit.
Edible nuts and dried fruit are two unique gatherings of items that are normally exchanged by similar organizations in International exchange. The reason for this is their long timeframe compared to fresh fruit and vegetables as well as similar storing and handling conditions. Edible nuts and dried fruit are also utilized in a similar way: as snacks or as culinary ingredients in bakery or confectionery products.
A nut is an organic product made out of a hard shell and a seed, which is mostly edible. In any case, in a general setting, a wide variety of dried seeds are likewise called nuts and include some seeds without a hard shell (e.g. pine nuts).
Dried fruit is fruit from which most of the original water content has been removed. This is done either normally, through sun drying, or using particular dryers or dehydrators.
The general quality requirement for all dried fruit and nuts is that products should be of “sound, reasonable and attractive quality” and bear the complete name of their country of origin. Fruit and vegetables that are not secured by a specific standard must meet the general guideline – or the appropriate UNECE standard. Administrators are free to pick which standards they would use in their business practice.
The most widely recognized quality requirements for editable nuts and dried fruit are the following:
- dampness content (greatest level is characterized for explicit items);
- estimating (distinctive for each kind of dried foods grown from the ground);
- explicit cut (for particular kinds of a dried natural product);
- level and sorts of utilized additives;
- quality class (characterized by consistency and resistance).
The following labeling is utilized in the trade of edible nuts and dried fruit:
- The name of the product should be proclaimed, specifying whether the product is normally dried or sugar is included (for specific types of dried fruit).
- Data about nuts should contain specification whether they are shelled or in the shell.
- With respect to certain types of dried fruit that have seeds or pits, the label should declare the presence of seeds or pits.
- It is common that in addition to grading, specifications include the yield year and variety.
Data for non-retail containers must be given either on the container or in accompanying documents. The container labeling must contain the following data:
- name of the item;
- parcel ID;
- name and address of the producer, packer, wholesaler or shipper;
- capacity directions.
However, lot identification, as well as the name and address of the producer, packer, distributor or importer, may be replaced by an identification mark.