Peanut is grown mostly in five states namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.
Together they account for about 90 percent Page 9 4 of the crop’s total area. Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat account for more than half of the cultivated area. Although peanuts come in many varieties, there are four basic market types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia. Each of the peanut types is distinctive in size, flavor, and nutritional composition.
Runner Peanut [Kacang pelari, Á hậu đậu phộng, Loper Pinda, عداء الفول السوداني, רץ בוטן]:
These peanuts were introduced in the 1970s, and are known for their uniform, medium-sized kernel. Runner peanuts now dominate the industry and are the main type used in peanut candies and snack nuts. They are mainly produced in Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Texas, and Oklahoma.
Virginia Peanut[בוטן וירג’יניה, Kacang Virginia,Đậu phộng Virginia, Virginia Pinda, فرجينيا الفول السوداني ] :
The largest of all peanuts, the Virginia peanut is also known as the “ballpark” peanut and is often used in gourmet snacks. Virginia peanuts account for about 15 percent of total U. S. production and are grown mainly in southeastern Virginia, northeastern North Carolina, South Carolina, and West Texas. Virginias are a popular peanut used for all-natural peanut butter.
Spanish Peanut [الفول السوداني الاسباني, Kacang Spanyol, Đậu phộng Tây Ban Nha, Spaanse Pinda, בוטן ספרדי]:
Known for its red skins, the Spanish peanut has smaller sized kernels and is used predominantly for peanut candy, salted peanuts, and peanut butter. Its reputation of having the “nuttiest” flavor when roasted is due to its higher oil content. Spanish peanuts are typically grown in the states of Oklahoma and Texas and account for four percent of U.S. production.
Valencia Peanuts [בוטנים ולנסיה,Kacang Valencia,Валенсия Арахис, Valencia Pinda’s, الفول السوداني فالنسيا ]:
Having three or more kernels per shell, the Valencia has a sweet flavor and is commonly used for all-natural peanut butter. Also, they are excellent for use as boiled peanuts. Valencia peanuts are grown mainly in New Mexico and account for less than one percent of U.S. production.